Development of analytical methods for some penicillins in bovine milk by ion-paired chromatography and confirmation by thermospray mass spectrometry
Analytical methods for the determination of cloxacillin, ampicillin/hetacillin, and amoxicillin in bovine milk were developed. The methods involved ultrafiltration of milk diluted with methanol, acetonitrile, and water on a 10,000-dalton cut-off filter. Separation of penicillins from other milk components was accomplished by ion-paired chromatography using a microbore column. The penicillins were detected using ultraviolet photodiode array (UV-PDA) detection and confirmed by thermospray liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The thermospray spectra of these compounds exhibited [M + H]+ and [M + Na]+ ions along with several fragment ions. The limits of detection for these antibiotics were estimated to be 50 to 100 ppb for LC with UV-PDA detection and 100-200 ppb for thermospray LC-MS detection
Voyksner, R., Tyczkowska, KL., & Aronson, AL. (1991). Development of analytical methods for some penicillins in bovine milk by ion-paired chromatography and confirmation by thermospray mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography, 567(2), 389-404.