Gaps in awareness and training for green jobs
Notable gaps identified through the study include lack of adequate skills in wind power, specifically, mechanical skills to maintain, troubleshoot, and repair hydraulic, braking, and electrical systems of a turbine. Graduates also lack skills in micro citing and modeling of wind plant projects, solar photovoltaic maintenance and repair, smart metering, big data analytics, telecommunication skills, biogas technologies, entrepreneurship, customer service, and green hydrogen technology.
Additionally, there needs to be more linkages between the renewable energy industry and academia to help build practical skills and experience in the renewable energy sector. Academia and the energy industry must work together to ensure Kenyans have the skills and experience needed to fill the green jobs over the next 20 years or they will continue to rely on foreign labor.
Supporting an enabling environment for green energy
Managing the transition to a green economy requires coherent policies based on a strong understanding of the interrelationships between environmental factors, policies, and labor markets. The projected growth in green jobs is based on existing and projected renewable energy development. For these jobs to be realized, the renewable energy sector needs to continue to grow and attract investment and policy must flourish with the green economy.
Stakeholders described unpredictable and frequently changing policies in the energy sector that can shake investors and create confusion regarding Kenya’s renewable energy needs. Current licensing and registration procedures for energy projects are seen as long, cumbersome, and costly for private businesses. Stakeholders suggested that the energy sector would benefit from increased cooperation and coordination among government agencies and authorities for a better understanding of the green economy and its economic benefits. By streamlining energy development procedures, policy reform can repair investor hesitation and catalyze the 100% renewable energy transition before 2030.