Prenatal care utilization and the implementation of prophylaxis to prevent perinatal HIV-1 transmission
Wilson, T. E., Ickovics, J. R., Royce, R., Fernandez, M. I., Lampe, M., & Koenig, L. J. (2004). Prenatal care utilization and the implementation of prophylaxis to prevent perinatal HIV-1 transmission. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 8(1), 13-18.
Objectives: To describe prenatal care utilization among women with HIV-1 in 4 US states, and to determine whether the adequacy of prenatal care utilization is associated with the implementation of prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal HIV antiretroviral therapy (ARV). Methods: Three-hundred three women completed a prenatal interview. Prenatal, labor and delivery, and infant medical records were reviewed. Results: Thirty-nine percent of women did not receive adequate prenatal care; nearly one quarter of women did not begin care within the recommended timeframe, and approximately one-fifth of women received fewer than the recommended number of prenatal care visits from the time of entry into care until delivery. Those classified as less than adequate in terms of receipt of recommended visits were at increased risk for not receiving ARV during the prenatal care period and during labor and delivery, and were more likely to have had an infant subsequently diagnosed with HIV infection. Conclusion: Although women with HIV require adequate prenatal care for their own health as well as to improve perinatal outcomes, many are at risk for not receiving this care. Lower adherence to prenatal care appointments is an important risk factor for not receiving full HIV prophylactic regimens