Ovarian Hormones, Copulatory Stimuli, and Female Sexual-Behavior in the Mongolian Gerbil
The effects of repeated estradiol benzoate (1.0 or 3.3 ?g) and progesterone (0.5 mg) injections and mating experiences (10 min or 4 hr) were examined in ovariec-tomized female Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) paired with sexually vigorous but unfamiliar males. Estradiol benzoate alone for 2 days did not elicit female sexual responses. Estradiol benzoate for 2 days followed by progesterone facilitated lordosis in the female. In females injected daily with 1.0 ?g estradiol benzoate, progesterone exposure for approximately 1 day produced a significant inhibition in subsequent lordosis, although these females continued to respond to the male with lordosis quotients of approximately 60. A 4-hr mating experience produced a nearly complete elimination of sexual activity in tests observed 24 hr later with a fresh male. Footstomping was positively associated with sexual activity in both sexes, although females footstomped more often in the 1.0 rather than the 3.3-?g estradiol benzoate condition. Fighting was most frequent in tests in which lordosis quotients were low. Interactions among copulatory experiences and inhibitory effects of progesterone summed to terminate female sexual receptivity and alter other social interactions in the gerbil.