Ovarian Hormones and the Duration of Sexual Receptivity in Female Golden-Hamster
The induction of sexual receptivity and its maintenance after copulation in ovariectomized female golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) was found to be a function of the levels of ovarian hormones administered. Various combinations of estradiol benzoate (between 0.6 and 666 ?g) and progesterone (between 0.05 and 5.0 mg) were administered in two experiments. Although some animals responded at 0.6 ?g, higher levels of estradiol benzoate (1–6 ?g or more) were more effective in inducing levels of lordosis equivalent to those seen in intact females in natural estrus. After mating, a depression in lordosis was observed in both ovariectomized and intact females. However, in ovariectomized females (excluding animals that did not respond initially) the duration of postcopulatory receptivity was a function of the level of progesterone administered. High levels of progesterone tended to prolong slightly the duration of postcopulatory receptivity.