• Journal Article

Influence of a Patient Decision Aid on Decisional Conflict Related to PSA Testing: A Structural Equation Model

Citation

Stephens, R. L., Xu, Y., Volk, R. J., Scholl, L. E., Kamin, S. L., Holden, E., & Stroud, L. A. (2008). Influence of a Patient Decision Aid on Decisional Conflict Related to PSA Testing: A Structural Equation Model. Health Psychology, 27(6), 711-721. DOI: 10.1037/0278-6133.27.6.711

Abstract

Objective: To examine the impact of a decision aid (DA) designed to promote informed decision making for screening with the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and to test a theoretical model of factors influencing decisional conflict. Design: Structural equation modeling examined pathways between DA exposure, knowledge, schema, prostate cancer risk perceptions, decisional anxiety, and decisional conflict. Sample participants included 200 men from the general population (exclusive of African Americans) and 200 African American men. Half of the men in each subsample were randomly assigned to receive the DA. Main Outcome Measures: Decisional conflict regarding prostate cancer screening. Results: The DA influences level of decisional conflict by increasing patient knowledge. This effect of knowledge on decisional conflict is indirect, however, through an association with greater perceived risk and lower decisional anxiety. Also, positive PSA schema was associated with lower decisional anxiety and decisional conflict. It is important that exposure to the DA had no impact on PSA schema. Conclusion: Schemas about testing must be considered in developing messages about the risks and benefits of testing. If schemas are counter to message content, mechanisms for modifying schemas must be incorporated into interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)