Fluoro-norchloroepibatidine: Preclinical assessment of acute toxicity
Molina, P. E., Ding, Y. S., Carroll, F., Liang, F., Volkow, N. D., Pappas, N., ... Fowler, J. S. (1997). Fluoro-norchloroepibatidine: Preclinical assessment of acute toxicity. Nuclear Medicine and Biology, 24(8), 743-747.
(18)Fluoro-norchloroepibatidine (exo-2-(6-fluoro-3-pyridyl)-7-azabicyclo-[2.2.1]heptane [NFEP]), a labeled derivative of epibatidine, has shown promise for imaging brain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with PET. We determined the dose-dependent effects of NFEP in conscious rats. NFEP (1.5 mu g/kg; administered intravenously) resulted in 30% mortality. Neither 0.5 mu g/kg or 0.25 mu g/kg NFEP resulted in any significant changes in cardiorespiratory parameters, but plasma catecholamines increased (2- to 3-fold). Further studies are needed to determine the safety of NFEP that are specifically designed to assess the catecholamine response. Our results suggest that it is not advisable to initiate human PET studies with [F-18]-NFEP without further evidence supporting its safety. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc