Environment and Brain Development: Challenges in the Global Context
If we are to understand brain development and its determinants in their full diversity, we need to strive toward global standards for assessing and characterizing normal brain maturation. Achieving a consensus on optimal assessment approaches would enhance the collaboration across studies carried out in different linguistic, cultural and economic environments. Population science targeting child neurodevelopment and mental health is relevant for framing the global burden of non-communicable disease debate. In other words, the discussion initiative tries to reach a common goal of understanding forces underlying the brain development trajectories assessed in global and diverse context. The panel discussants concluded that it is crucial to include experts in neuropsychology, neuroimaging, developmental cognitive neuroscience, environmental epidemiology and exposure sciences in international consortia assessing the global health burden.