Associations of tobacco retailer availability with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease related hospital outcomes, United States, 2014
Kong, A. Y., Baggett, C. D., Gottfredson, N. C., Ribisl, K. M., Delamater, P. L., & Golden, S. D. (2021). Associations of tobacco retailer availability with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease related hospital outcomes, United States, 2014. Health & Place, 67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102464
There are associations between tobacco retailer density and smoking behaviors, but little is known about whether places with more tobacco retailers have more smoking-related health problems. Using cross-sectional data from 2014, we investigated the relationships between tobacco retailer density and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) related outcomes in a sample of 1510 counties across the United States. Higher retailer density was associated with a 19% (IRR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.12-1.27) higher COPD-related hospital discharge rate and 30% (IRR, 1.30; 95% CI 1.21-1.39) higher total COPD-related hospital costs per population. The tobacco retailer environment may be an important target for reducing smoking-related health burdens and costs.