• Journal Article

Using general strain theory to explore the effects of prison victimization experiences on later offending and substance use

Citation

Zweig, J. M., Yahner, J., Visher, C. A., & Lattimore, P. (2015). Using general strain theory to explore the effects of prison victimization experiences on later offending and substance use. Prison Journal, 95(1), 84-113. DOI: 10.1177/0032885514563283

Abstract

We examine the relationship between victimization during incarceration and the likelihood of former prisoners' subsequent criminal behavior and substance use from a general strain theory (GST) perspective. Data from the multi-site evaluation of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative were used, involving interviews with 543 men and 168 women in 12 states at four time points: once before prison release and 3 times after release. Path analyses show support for GST by indicating that prisoners who are physically assaulted or threatened have negative emotional reactions to such experiences, specifically hostility and depression, which increases their likelihood of violent criminal behavior and substance use after release