Two-generation reproductive toxicity study of inhaled tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) vapor in CD (R) rats
Tyl, R., Myers, C., Marr, M., Fail, P., Seely, J. C., Elswick, B., ... Welsch, F. (2003). Two-generation reproductive toxicity study of inhaled tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) vapor in CD (R) rats. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 23(6), 397-410.
Under Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances draft guidelines, CD(R) weanling F0 rats (30 of each gender per group) inhaled tertiary amyl methyl ether vapor at 0, 250, 1500 or 3000 ppm 5 days a week and 6 h a day for 10 weeks, with vaginal cytology evaluated for weeks 8-10. The F0 animals then produced F1 offspring, with exposure 7 days a week from mating through to lactation. During the F1 prebreed exposure period, vaginal patency, preputial separation (PPS) and vaginal cytology were evaluated. The F1 animals were mated, with F2 anogenital distance measured on postnatal day zero. At F2 weaning 30 of each gender per group were selected for postwean retention, with no exposures, through vaginal patency and PPS. Body weights, feed consumption and clinical signs were recorded throughout the study. Adult F0 and F1 systemic toxicity was present at 1500 and 3000 ppm. Minor adult male reproductive toxicity was present at 3000 ppm. There were no adult effects on vaginal cyclicity, estrous cycle length, mating, fertility, pregnancy, gestational length or ovarian and uterine weights. There were no treatment-related gross or histopathologic findings in parental male or female systemic or reproductive organs. The F1 and F2 offspring toxicity was present at 1500 and 3000 ppm. The no-observable-adverse-effect level for adult systemic and offspring toxicity was 250 ppm and 1500 ppm for male reproductive toxicity (females at >3000 ppm). Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd