• Journal Article

Relationship of AcrySof acrylic and PhacoFlex silicone intraocular lenses to visual acuity and posterior capsule opacification

Citation

Halpern, M., Covert, D., Battista, C., Weinstein, A. J., Levinson, R. D., & Yan, L. (2002). Relationship of AcrySof acrylic and PhacoFlex silicone intraocular lenses to visual acuity and posterior capsule opacification. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, 28(4), 662-669.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the changes in visual acuity and the development of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) with AcrySof acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs) (Alcon Laboratories) and second-generation PhacoFlex silicone IOLs (Allergan ). SETTING: Eye Associates of New Mexico and Southwest Colorado, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. METHODS: Medical charts of patients having cataract extraction with implantation of an AcrySof MA30BA or MA60BM (MA30/60) or PhacoFlex SI-30NB or SI-40NB (SI-30/40) IOL between January 1995 and June 1997 were abstracted. Analyzed were the changes in visual acuity and development of PCO 1 month postoperatively and at the last available ophthalmologist visit or the visit before neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) capsulotomy. RESULTS: Patients with MA30/60 acrylic IOLs were significantly older, had a worse preoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and had more concomitant ocular diseases than those with SI-30/40 silicone IOLs. The change in BCVA from preoperatively to 1 month postoperatively was equivalent in the 2 lens groups. The BCVA declined from 1 month postoperatively to the last recorded or pre-Nd:YAG visit. This decline was greater in eyes with SI-30/40 silicone IOLs than in those with MA30/60 acrylic IOLs. Although the decrease in BCVA between IOL types was not significantly different, eyes with a SI-30/40 silicone IOL were significantly more likely to develop PCO and have Nd:YAG capsulotomy. Eyes developing PCO had a statistically significant decline in BCVA from 1 month postoperatively to the last/pre-Nd:YAG visit. CONCLUSIONS: The MA30/60 acrylic lenses were associated with lower PCO and Nd:YAG capsulotomy rates than second-generation SI-30/40 silicone IOLs. Patients with MA30/60 IOLs also tended to have less of a decrease in visual acuity than patients with SI-30/40 silicone lenses, probably as a result of the difference in PCO rates between groups