Effect of the homokaryotic state of the uvs-2 allele in Neurospora crassa on formaldehyde-induced killing and ad-3 mutation
Formaldehyde was tested for its killing and mutagenic activities in the ad-3 forward-mutation test in Neurospora crassa. The test was conducted in 3 two-component heterokaryons (dikaryons) of N. crassa in order to determine the effect of the uvs-2 allele, which causes a defect in nucleotide excision repair, on formaldehyde-induced killing and the induction of ad-3 mutants. These dikaryons were homokaryotic for uvs-2+ (H-12), homokaryotic for usv-2 (H-59), and heterokaryotic for uvs-2 (H-71). Formaldehyde induced killing and ad-3 mutants in H-12, but the presence of uvs-2 in the homokaryotic state (H-59) resulted in a 9-fold increase in killing and a 40-fold increase in the induction of ad-3 mutants. This increased sensitivity to formaldehyde-induced killing and mutation conferred by uvs-2 in the homokaryotic state (H-59 vs. H-12) is similar to that noted by others in Escherichia coli. Salmonella typhimurium and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The dikaryon heterokaryotic for uvs-2 (H-71) has the same sensitivity to formaldehyde-induced ad-3 mutation as H-12, indicating that uvs-2 is recessive to uvs-2+
De Serres, F., Brockman, H. E., & Hung, C. Y. (1988). Effect of the homokaryotic state of the uvs-2 allele in Neurospora crassa on formaldehyde-induced killing and ad-3 mutation. Mutation Research, 199(1), 235-242.