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Effect of a High-Calorie, High-Fat Meal on the Bioavailability and Pharmacokinetics of PA-824 in Healthy Adult Subjects

PA-824 is a novel nitroimidazo-oxazine being developed as an antituberculosis agent. Two randomized studies evaluated the pharmacokinetics and safety of a single oral dose of PA-824 administered to healthy adult subjects 30 min after a high-calorie, high-fat meal (fed state) versus after a minimum 10-h fast (fasted state). A total of 48 subjects were dosed in the two studies in a randomized crossover design with PA-824 at dose levels of 50, 200, or 1,000 mg in the fed state or fasted state. After the administration of PA-824, the geometric mean ratios of C-max and AUC(0-infinity) revealed an increase in exposure with the addition of a high-calorie, high-fat meal compared to the fasted state by 140 and 145% at 50 mg, 176 and 188% at 200 mg, and 450 and 473% at 50, 200, and 1,000 mg, respectively. The median T-max in the fed state was 4 h for the 50-mg dose and 5 h for the 200- and 1,000-mg doses. In the fasted state, the median T-max was 4 h for the 50- and 200- mg doses and 6.5 h for the 1,000-mg dose. All doses were well tolerated, and no serious adverse events occurred in either study. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration numbers NCT01828827 and NCT01830439.)

Citation

Winter, H., Ginsberg, A., Egizi, E., Erondu, N., Whitney, K., Pauli, E., & Everitt, D. (2013). Effect of a High-Calorie, High-Fat Meal on the Bioavailability and Pharmacokinetics of PA-824 in Healthy Adult Subjects. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 57(11), 5516-5520. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00798-13

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