Synthesis and monoamine transporter binding properties of 2,3-diaryltropanes
Kotturi, S., Jiang, S. C., Chang, A. C., Abraham, P., Navarro, H., Kuhar, M. J., & Carroll, F. (2005). Synthesis and monoamine transporter binding properties of 2,3-diaryltropanes. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 48(23), 7437-7444.
Synthetic procedures were developed for the synthesis of 2 beta,3 beta- and 2 alpha,3 alpha-diaryltropanes. These compounds are analogues of the 3-aryltropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester class of monoamine uptake inhibitors, where the 2 beta-carbomethoxy group has been replaced by an aryl group. The compounds were evaluated for inhibition of radioligand binding at the dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin transporters (DAT, NET, and 5-HTT, respectively). The results showed that the replacement of the 2 beta-carbomethoxy group in the 3-aryltropane class with a 2 beta-aryl group led to compounds possessing very similar monoamine transporter binding properties. However, the 2 beta,3 beta-diaryltropanes tended to be more potent at the DAT and more selective for the DAT relative to the NET and 5-HTT. One of the most interesting compounds was 3 beta-(4-methylphenyl)-2 beta-(4-methylphenyl)tropane (3d), which showed an IC50 of 1.23 nM at the DAT with 289- and 185-fold selectivity for the DAT relative to the NET and 5-HTT. The 2 alpha,3 alpha-diaryltropanes were much less potent at all three transporters than 2 beta,3 beta-diaryltropanes