Role for the third intracellular loop in cell surface stabilization of the alpha2A-adrenergic receptor
Edwards, S. W., & Limbird, L. E. (1999). Role for the third intracellular loop in cell surface stabilization of the alpha2A-adrenergic receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(23), 16331-16336.
Previous studies have shown that alpha2A-adrenergic receptor (alpha2A-AR) retention at the basolateral surface of polarized MDCKII cells involves its third intracellular (3i loop). The present studies examining mutant alpha2A-ARs possessing short deletions of the 3i loop indicate that no single region can completely account for the accelerated surface turnover of the Delta3ialpha2A-AR, suggesting that the entire 3i loop is involved in basolateral retention. Both wild-type and Delta3i loop alpha2A-ARs are extracted from polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells with 0.2% Triton X-100 and with a similar concentration/response profile, suggesting that Triton X-100-resistant interactions of the alpha2A-AR with cytoskeletal proteins are not involved in receptor retention on the basolateral surface. The indistinguishable basolateral t(1)/(2) for either the wild-type or nonsense 3i loop alpha2A-AR suggests that the stabilizing properties of the alpha2A-AR 3i loop are not uniquely dependent on a specific sequence of amino acids. The accelerated turnover of Delta3i alpha2A-AR cannot be attributed to alteration in agonist-elicited alpha2A-AR redistribution, because alpha2A-ARs are not down-regulated in response to agonist. Taken together, the present studies show that stabilization of the alpha2A-AR on the basolateral surface of MDCKII cells involves multiple mechanisms, with the third intracellular loop playing a central role in regulating these processes.