• Journal Article

Public support for graphic health warning labels in the U.S


Kamyab, K., Nonnemaker, J., & Farrelly, M. (2015). Public support for graphic health warning labels in the U.S. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(1), 89-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.07.032


BACKGROUND: In 2009, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration was required to mandate that graphic health warning labels be placed on cigarette packages and advertisements. PURPOSE: To assess public support in the U.S. for graphic health warning labels from 2007 to 2012. METHODS: Data from 17,498 respondents from 13 waves of the National Adult Tobacco Survey, a list-assisted random-digit-dial survey, were used. Overall support for graphic health warning labels, as well as support by smoking status, and by sociodemographics and smoker characteristics are estimated. Analyses were conducted in 2014. RESULTS: Since 2007, a majority of the public overall has been in favor of labels. Support increased significantly among the public overall and among non-smokers from 2007 through 2009 (p<0.001), after which it remained flat. Among smokers, support levels increased from 2007 through 2011 (p<0.001), but decreased significantly from 2011 through 2012 (p<0.001). Support was high regardless of smoking status, although among smokers, support varied by level of smoking, interest in quitting, and whether labels were seen as an important reason to quit. Support varied by sociodemographic characteristics, particularly among smokers. Younger, less-affluent, and less-educated smokers supported labels at higher levels than their counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: A majority of U.S. residents support graphic health warning labels for cigarette packs, though support among smokers declined after 2011