Outcome and resource use associated with myomectomy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes and cost of myomectomy through retrospective claims data analysis. METHODS: The study was performed using a retrospective database of private insurance claims from 1995 to 1997. Records were selected for analysis based on the presence of ICD-9-CM procedure and/or CPT-4 codes associated with myomectomy. In addition, diagnosis of uterine leiomyoma and related symptoms for these patients were confirmed through ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes. Inpatient, outpatient, and physician costs were estimated. All cost data were converted into 1997 dollars. RESULTS: A total of 4394 women, between the ages of 14 and 70, were available for analysis. Of these, 3305 were classified by type of myomectomy procedure, and complete data were available on 820 at 1 year and 236 at 2 years. Abdominal myomectomies were the most common procedures, followed by hysteroscopic and laparoscopic myomectomies. Conversion to a more invasive procedure occurred in 5.4% of the patients. The rate of additional surgeries was 8.3% in 6 months, 10.6% in 1 year, and 16.5% in 2 years. Overall cost increased from an initial $6,737 per patient to $7,575 in 1 year and to $8,001 in 2 years. CONCLUSION: The repeat procedures required after the initial myomectomy add significantly to total cost and highlight the importance of assessing post-procedure health care use. This comprehensive analysis facilitates the systematic evaluation of myomectomy with current and emerging alternative treatments for uterine leiomyomas.