Monoclonal antibody antagonists for treating medical problems associated with d-amphetamine-like drugs
The invention includes synthetic immunochemical haptens for the generation of antibodies, the antibodies, and the medical treatment applications for using the antibodies. The antibodies are designed to recognize the common molecular features of d-methamphetamine-like abused stimulants, and will have insignificant cross-reactivity with endogenous substrates (e.g. dopamine) or over-the-counter medications (e.g. 1-methamphetamine, pseudoephedrine, phenylpropanolamine and ephedrine). These monoclonal antibodies and their antigen binding fragments are useful in treatment plans for recovering addicts, in emergency room settings for rapidly reversing a drug overdose, in protection of fetuses or fetus from drug-abusing pregnant mothers or in a psychiatric setting to reduce the exacerbation of psychotic disorders caused by stimulant drugs.