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Immigration and Sexual Partner Risk Among Latino Adolescents in San Francisco

Sexual partner characteristics increase risk for adverse reproductive health outcomes. Evidence is limited regarding whether choice of sexual partners among Latino adolescents changes with U.S. acculturation/adaptation. We used generalized estimating equations to assess the associations between immigrant generation (recent immigrant, 1.5 [immigrated prior to adolescence], 2nd and 3rd) and sexual partner risk in a prospective cohort study of 411 Latino adolescents aged 14-19. We examined three measures of partner risk and mediating effects of family influence (familism and parental monitoring). The odds of reporting a partner with frequent substance use increased with increasing immigrant generation (odds ratios (OR) [reference = recent immigrants]: 2.3, 3.4, and 5.6) as did having a partner who was in a gang/incarcerated (OR [reference = recent immigrants]: 2.4, 3.6, and 5.7). Though the odds of having high-risk partners decreased with higher parental monitoring, neither family influence measure mediated these relationships. Findings underscore the need for a prevention focus on partner choice with attention to increased risk with increasing U.S. generation


Minnis, A., Doherty, I., Vandommelen-Gonzalez, E., Cheng, H., Otero-Sabogal, R., & Padian, N. (2010). Immigration and Sexual Partner Risk Among Latino Adolescents in San Francisco. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 12(6), 900-908. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-010-9348-2

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