• Journal Article

Evaluation of methods for analysis of lead in air particulates: an intra-laboratory and inter-laboratory comparison

Citation

Harrington, J., Nelson, C. M., Weber, F., Bradham, K. D., Levine, K., & Rice, J. (2014). Evaluation of methods for analysis of lead in air particulates: an intra-laboratory and inter-laboratory comparison. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 16(2), 256-261. DOI: 10.1039/c3em00486d

Abstract

In 2008, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) set a new National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead in total suspended particulate matter (Pb-TSP) which called for significant decreases in the allowable limits. The Federal Reference Method (FRM) for Pb-TSP promulgated in 1978 prescribes analysis of Pb by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS), but the new limits approach the limits of quantitation of FAAS. On August 2, 2013, the USEPA finalized a new FRM for Pb-TSP. This new FRM describes two extraction methods and analysis by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The study described here was performed to evaluate the use of ICP-MS in the analysis of Pb-TSP for implementation of this new FRM. A multi-laboratory study of the new FRM demonstrated acceptable intra- and inter-laboratory precision and comparability for glass fiber, quartz, and PTFE filters, and acceptable accuracy for the analysis of three National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Materials (SRMs). A comparison was made between analytical results obtained using the 1978 FRM and those obtained using the new FRM. The results demonstrate that the ICP-MS method performs acceptably for the determination of Pb-TSP with lower limits of quantitation and strong inter- and intra-laboratory precision