Envelope-specific B-cell populations in African green monkeys chronically infected with simian immunodeficiency virus
African green monkeys (AGMs) are natural primate hosts of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Interestingly, features of the envelope-specific antibody responses in SIV-infected AGMs are distinct from that of HIV-infected humans and SIV-infected rhesus monkeys, including gp120-focused responses and rapid development of autologous neutralization. Yet, the lack of genetic tools to evaluate B-cell lineages hinders potential use of this unique non-human primate model for HIV vaccine development. Here we define features of the AGM Ig loci and compare the proportion of Env-specific memory B-cell populations to that of HIV-infected humans and SIV-infected rhesus monkeys. AGMs appear to have a higher proportion of Env-specific memory B cells that are mainly gp120 directed. Furthermore, AGM gp120-specific monoclonal antibodies display robust antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and CD4-dependent virion capture activity. Our results support the use of AGMs to model induction of functional gp120-specific antibodies by HIV vaccine strategies.
Zhang, R., Martinez, D. R., Nguyen, Q. N., Pollara, J., Arifin, T., Stolarchuk, C., ... Permar, S. R. (2016). Envelope-specific B-cell populations in African green monkeys chronically infected with simian immunodeficiency virus. Nature Communications, 7, 12131. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12131