Envelope-specific B-cell populations in African green monkeys chronically infected with simian immunodeficiency virus
Zhang, R., Martinez, D. R., Nguyen, Q. N., Pollara, J., Arifin, T., Stolarchuk, C., ... Permar, S. R. (2016). Envelope-specific B-cell populations in African green monkeys chronically infected with simian immunodeficiency virus. Nature Communications, 7, 12131. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12131
African green monkeys (AGMs) are natural primate hosts of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Interestingly, features of the envelope-specific antibody responses in SIV-infected AGMs are distinct from that of HIV-infected humans and SIV-infected rhesus monkeys, including gp120-focused responses and rapid development of autologous neutralization. Yet, the lack of genetic tools to evaluate B-cell lineages hinders potential use of this unique non-human primate model for HIV vaccine development. Here we define features of the AGM Ig loci and compare the proportion of Env-specific memory B-cell populations to that of HIV-infected humans and SIV-infected rhesus monkeys. AGMs appear to have a higher proportion of Env-specific memory B cells that are mainly gp120 directed. Furthermore, AGM gp120-specific monoclonal antibodies display robust antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and CD4-dependent virion capture activity. Our results support the use of AGMs to model induction of functional gp120-specific antibodies by HIV vaccine strategies.