• Journal Article

End-of-Life Quality-of-Care Measures for Nursing Homes: Place of Death and Hospice


Mukamel, D. B., Caprio, T., Ahn, R., Zheng, N., Norton, S., Quill, T., & Temkin-Greener, H. (2012). End-of-Life Quality-of-Care Measures for Nursing Homes: Place of Death and Hospice. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 15(4), 438-446. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2011.0345


Objective: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) publishes a web-based quality report card for nursing homes. The quality measures (QMs) do not assess quality of end-of-life (EOL) care, which affects a large proportion of residents. This study developed prototype EOL QMs that can be calculated from data sources available for all nursing homes nationally. Methods: The study included approximately 1.5 million decedents residing in 16,000 nursing homes during 2003-2007, nationally. Minimum Data Set (MDS) data were linked to Medicare enrollment files, hospital claims, and hospice claims. Random effect logistic models were estimated to develop risk-adjustment models predicting two outcome measures (place of death [POD] and hospice enrollment), which were then used to construct two EOL QMs. The distributional properties of the QMs were investigated. Results: The QMs exhibited moderate stability over time. They were more stable in identifying quality outliers among the larger nursing homes and in identifying poor-quality outliers than high-quality outliers. Conclusions: This study offers two QMs specialized to EOL care in nursing homes that can be calculated from data that are readily available and could be incorporated in the Nursing Home Compare (NHC) report card. Further work to validate the QMs is required