Fractionation of a methanol extract of the roots of Licania intrapetiolaris, as directed by activity against the KB assay, has led to the isolation of two novel clerodane diterpenoids, intrapetacins A (1) and B (2), and the known triterpenoid cucurbitacin B (3). The structures of 1 and 2 were deduced from one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments, including relative stereochemical assignments based on NOESY correlations and COSY coupling constants. Compound 3 was the most potent against the KB assay, but both 1 and 2 displayed moderate cytotoxicity. When evaluated against an antifungal assay using Aspergillus niger, 2 caused a significant zone of inhibition of fungal growth, while 1 was completely inactive. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the isolation of bioactive compounds from the genus Licania.
Bioactive constituents of the roots of Licania intrapetiolaris