Oxymatrine attenuates tumor growth and deactivates STAT5 signaling in a lung cancer xenograft model
Jung, Y. Y., Shanmugam, M. K., Narula, A. S., Kim, C., Lee, J. H., Namjoshi, O. A., Blough, B. E., Sethi, G., & Ahn, K. S. (2019). Oxymatrine attenuates tumor growth and deactivates STAT5 signaling in a lung cancer xenograft model. Cancers, 11(1), 49. Article 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11010049
Oxymatrine (OMT) is a major alkaloid found in radix Sophorae flavescentis extract and has been reported to exhibit various pharmacological activities. We elucidated the detailed molecular mechanism(s) underlying the therapeutic actions of OMT in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and a xenograft mouse model. Because the STAT5 signaling cascade has a significant role in regulating cell proliferation and survival in tumor cells, we hypothesized that OMT may disrupt this signaling cascade to exert its anticancer effects. We found that OMT can inhibit the constitutive activation of STAT5 by suppressing the activation of JAK1/2 and c-Src, nuclear localization, as well as STAT5 binding to DNA in A549 cells and abrogated IL-6-induced STAT5 phosphorylation in H1299 cells. We also report that a sub-optimal concentration of OMT when used in combination with a low dose of paclitaxel produced significant anti-cancer effects by inhibiting cell proliferation and causing substantial apoptosis. In a preclinical lung cancer mouse model, OMT when used in combination with paclitaxel produced a significant reduction in tumor volume. These results suggest that OMT in combination with paclitaxel can cause an attenuation of lung cancer growth both in vitro and in vivo.