Assessment of a decision aid to assist genetic testing research participants in the informed consent process
Sorenson, J. R., Lakon, C., Spinney, T., & Jennings-Grant, T. (2004). Assessment of a decision aid to assist genetic testing research participants in the informed consent process. Genetic Testing, 8(3), 336-346. DOI: 10.1089/gte.2004.8.336
Limited attention has been given to applying decision-making theories from psychology to the content and process of informed consent in genetic testing research. Data are presented from a study that developed and assessed a psychological theory-based decision aid as part of the informed consent process. This innovative approach assisted at-risk women in assessing the consequences of participating in a research project that offered them free hemophilia A genetic carrier testing. Results suggest: (1) the decision aid can be incorporated into the consent process with few problems; (2) women of varying educational backgrounds can complete the decision aid; (3) while women consider many consequences of genetic testing, their primary focus is on the implications for their family; and (4) this is in marked contrast to the typical benefit–harm statements prepared by researchers for genetic testing.