The dawning of a 24–7 US economy has reshaped the timing of work for a growing number of Americans. Economic, demographic, and social changes in recent decades have boosted the demand and necessity for around-the-clock business practices and flexible work schedules that fall outside the traditional Monday-through-Friday workweek and nine-to-five workday. Globalization, the shift to a service-based economy, delays in marriage and childbirth, the growth of dual-earner households, and the greying of America have profoundly increased the number of Americans working night shifts or rotating schedules (i.e., shift work) or evening, irregular, split-shift, or weekend hours – collectively known as “nonstandard work schedules.” The unconventional nature of nonstandard work has provoked concerns from scholars regarding the implications that such schedules have for individual and family well-being. This entry reviews this empirical literature.
Shift Work in the United States
Hendrix, J. (2016). Shift Work in the United States. In CL. Shehan (Ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Family Studies (pp. 1-4). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119085621.wbefs009