• Journal Article

Factors that influence the use and perceptions of employee assistance programs at six worksites

Citation

French, M., Roman, P. M., Dunlap, L., & Steele, P. D. (1997). Factors that influence the use and perceptions of employee assistance programs at six worksites. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2(4), 312-324. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.2.4.312

Abstract

Employee assistance programs (EAPs) have gained significant importance in contemporary worksites. This article uses data from 6 case studies to examine several research questions regarding the relationship between worker demographics (e.g., gender, job tenure, and marital status), substance use, and workplace policies and the actual and potential use of the company EAR Unlike in most of the existing literature, the authors did not find that gender, marital status, or job dissatisfaction are statistically related to actual or potential EAP use at most worksites. However, job tenure and some substance use behaviors were related to actual EAP use in a positive and statistically significant way. Another important finding, underlying the credible integration of EAPs into worksite culture, is the positive and robust relationship between employee trust and confidence in the EAP and actual use. The results of our study both reinforce some long-established principles in the EAP field and encourage further consideration of other beliefs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)