A comparison of alcohol use and related problems among women and men in the military
Brown, J., Bray, R., & Hartzell, M. C. (2010). A comparison of alcohol use and related problems among women and men in the military. Military Medicine, 175(2), 101-107.
Using data from the 2002 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors, we examined levels of drinking and alcohol-related problems (dependence symptoms, driving after drinking, productivity loss, serious consequences) for enlisted men and women and male and female officers. Findings showed that men were more likely than women to be heavy or binge drinkers and to experience alcohol-related problems. Similarly, enlisted men and women were more likely than male and female officers to be heavy or binge drinkers. Driving after drinking was more common among men than women and more common among officers than enlisted personnel. Officers had lower rates of dependence symptoms and other serious consequences than enlisted personnel. Despite men's heavier drinking, women showed equal or higher rates of dependence symptoms and productivity loss and appeared to be at risk for alcohol problems at lower levels of consumption