Calcium-dependent, swelling-activated K+ conductance in human neuroblastoma cells
In most mammalian cells, regulatory volume decrease (RVD) is mediated by swelling-activated Cl(-) and K(+) channels. Previous studies in the human neuroblastoma cell line CHP-100 have demonstrated that exposure to hypoosmotic solutions activates Cl(-) channels which are sensitive to Ca(2+). Whether a Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) conductance is activated after cell swelling was investigated in the present studies. Reducing the extracellular osmolarity from 290 to 190 mOsm/kg H(2)O rapidly activated 86Rb effluxes. Hypoosmotic stress also increased cytosolic Ca(2+) in fura-2 loaded cells. Pretreatment with 2.5 mM EGTA and nominally Ca(2+) free extracellular solution significantly decreased the hypoosmotically induced rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) and the swelling-activated 86Rb efflux. In cell-attached patch-clamp studies, decreasing the extracellular osmolarity activated a K(+) conductance that was blocked by Ba(2+). In addition, the swelling-activated K(+) channels were significantly inhibited in the presence of nominally free extracellular Ca(2+) and 2.5mM EGTA. These results suggest that in response to hypoosmotic stress, a Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) conductance is activated in the human neuroblastoma cell line CHP-100.