Association between self-reported participation in decision making and inpatient rehabilitation outcomes
Wylegala, J. A., Graham, J. E., Karmarkar, A. M., Illig, C., Illig, S. B., & Ottenbacher, K. J. (2015). Association between self-reported participation in decision making and inpatient rehabilitation outcomes. Water Resources, 15(3), J12-J21.
Study Design: Retrospective cross sectional.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the independent associations between perceived participation in clinical decision making on rehabilitation length of stay, discharge functional status, and discharge setting following inpatient rehabilitation.
Background: Active participation in the inpatient rehabilitation process, which is the most intense post-acute rehabilitation service, should lead to better patient experiences and outcomes.
Methods: Self-reported information from participant interviews was linked with data in administrative medical records for Medicare beneficiaries discharged from inpatient rehabilitation facilities in 2007-2009. The decision making variable assessed participants' perceived participation in decision making during their inpatient rehabilitation stays. The three outcome variables were inpatient rehabilitation length of stay, discharge functional status, and discharge setting.
Results: Among the 41,110 participants interviewed, approximately 89% strongly agreed or agreed, and 12% disagreed that they participated in decision making during their rehabilitation stays. The multivariable regression models showed that greater participation in decision making was associated (p < .05) with slightly longer lengths of stay, higher discharge functional status, and increased likelihood of community discharge.
Conclusions: Nearly nine in 10 Medicare beneficiaries report participating in decision making when receiving inpatient rehabilitation services. Increasing participation may lead to improvements in fundamental rehabilitation outcomes.