• Journal Article

Preconception venous thromboembolism and placenta-mediated pregnancy complications

Citation

Hansen, A. T., Schmidt, M., Horvath-Puho, E., Pedersen, L., Rothman, K., Hvas, A. M., & Sorensen, H. T. (2015). Preconception venous thromboembolism and placenta-mediated pregnancy complications. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 13(9), 1635-1641. DOI: 10.1111/jth.13046

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Placenta-mediated complications are leading causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that a preconception history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with increased risk of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications. METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort study of all singleton pregnancies leading to delivery from 1997 to 2012 (n = 964 967). We obtained data on placenta-mediated pregnancy complications from the Danish Medical Birth Registry and data on VTE before pregnancy from the Danish National Patient Registry. We computed absolute risks, crude and adjusted risk differences (RDs) using a binomial regression model, and crude and adjusted risk ratios (RRs) from a modified Poisson regression model. RESULTS: Overall, 1419 women had a preconception history of VTE, while 578 112 did not. Preeclampsia occurred in 4.2% of pregnancies in the VTE group and in 2.7% of pregnancies in a comparison cohort (adjusted RD = 1.3%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.6-2.0%; adjusted RR = 1.5, 95% CI 1.3-1.8). Stillbirth occurred in 0.7% of pregnancies in the VTE group and in 0.4% of pregnancies in the comparison cohort (adjusted RD = 0.3%, 95% CI 0.02-0.6%; adjusted RR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-3.0). Placental abruption occurred in 0.8% of pregnancies in the VTE group and in 0.5% of pregnancies in the comparison cohort (adjusted RD = 0.3%, 95% CI - 0.05-0.6%; adjusted RR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.4). Small-for-gestational-age infants accounted for 10.9% of live births in the VTE group and 9.8% of live births in the comparison cohort (adjusted RD = 0.6%, 95% CI - 0.5-1.7%; adjusted RR = 1.1, 95% CI 0.9-1.3). CONCLUSION: Women with a history of VTE were at increased risk of placenta-mediated complications