Patient, Caregiver, and Nurse Preferences for Treatments for Bone Metastases from Solid Tumors
BACKGROUND: Bone-targeted agents (BTAs) used for the prevention of skeletal-related events (SREs) associated with metastatic bone disease possess different attributes that factor into treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate preferences of patients, caregivers, and nurses for features of BTAs used to prevent SREs in patients with a self-reported physician diagnosis of bone metastasis from solid tumors. METHODS: Patients (n = 187), primary caregivers (n = 197), or nurses (n = 196) completed a web-enabled discrete-choice experiment (10-question survey) in which they chose between pairs of hypothetical profiles of BTAs. Each profile was defined by six key treatment attributes, including efficacy and safety (two each) and route/frequency of administration and cost (one each). The relative importance of treatment attributes and levels was estimated. RESULTS: The most important treatment attribute for patients and nurses was out-of-pocket cost, and for caregivers, treatment-related risk of renal impairment. Risk of renal impairment was the second most important attribute for patients and nurses, while time until first SRE was the third most important attribute for all respondents. For nurses, risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw was least important, and for patients and caregivers, mode of administration was least important. LIMITATIONS: Respondents considered hypothetical medications; therefore, their decisions may not have the same consequences as actual decisions. CONCLUSIONS: The perspectives of patients, caregivers, and nurses are integral when making treatment decisions about BTAs to prevent SREs associated with solid tumors. Identifying the relative importance of attributes of BTAs will aid in the proper selection of therapy in this setting, which may improve patient outcomes.