National medical spending attributable to overweight and obesity: How much, and who's paying?
Finkelstein, E., Fiebelkorn, I., & Wang, G. J. (2003). National medical spending attributable to overweight and obesity: How much, and who's paying? Web Exclusives. Health Affairs, Web Exclusives, W219-W226. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.w3.219
We use a regression framework and nationally representative data to compute aggregate overweight- and obesity-attributable medical spending for the United States and for select payers. Combined, such expenditures account for 9.1 percent of total annual U.S. medical expenditures in 1998 and may be as high as $78.5 billion ($92.6 billion in 2002 dollars). Medicare and Medicaid finance approximately half of these costs.