The central relaxin-3/RXFP3 system plays important roles in stress responses, feeding, and motivation for reward. However, exploration of its therapeutic applications has been hampered by the lack of small molecule ligands and the cross-activation of RXFP1 in the brain and RXFP4 in the periphery. Herein, we report the first structure & minus;activity relationship studies of a series of novel nonpeptide amidinohy-drazone-based agonists, which were characterized by RXFP3 functional and radioligand binding assays. Several potent and efficacious RXFP3agonists (e.g.,10d) were identified with EC50values < 10 nM. These compounds also had high potency at RXFP4 but no agonist activity atRXFP1, demonstrating > 100-fold selectivity for RXFP3/4 over RXFP1.InvitroADME and pharmacokinetic assessments revealed that the amidinohydrazone derivatives may have limited brain permeability. Collectively, ourfindings provide the basis for further optimization of lead compounds to develop a suitable agonist to probeRXFP3 functions in the brain
Indole-containing amidinohydrazones as nonpeptide, dual RXFP3/4 agonists
Synthesis, structure–activity relationship, and molecular modeling studies
Guan, D., Rahman, M. T., Gay, E. A., Vasukuttan, V., Mathews, K. M., Decker, A. M., Williams, A., Zhan, C-G., & Jin, C. (2021). Indole-containing amidinohydrazones as nonpeptide, dual RXFP3/4 agonists: Synthesis, structure–activity relationship, and molecular modeling studies. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 64(24), 17866-17886. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c01081
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