• Journal Article

Characterization of an assortment of commercially available multiwalled carbon nanotubes

Citation

Levine, K., Han, L., McWilliams, A. C., Essader, A., Amato, K. E., Fernando, R., ... Collins, B. J. (2014). Characterization of an assortment of commercially available multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Microchimica Acta, 181(1-2), 171-179. DOI: 10.1007/s00604-013-1088-2

Abstract

The objective of this study was to characterize an assortment of as received, commercially available, non-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) samples (n = 24) using thermogravimetric analysis, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Each sample was assigned to one of six types based on nominal length and diameter. Some of the samples from the product assortment exhibited significant differences in purity and morphology from their nominal values. Variability in the physicochemical properties of MWCNTs may be a significant factor in why many toxicological investigations have findings that are difficult to reproduce. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that investigators studying these materials present characterization information in addition to providing their source