Structure-activity relationships of substituted 1H-indole-2-carboxamides as CB1 receptor allosteric modulators
A series of substituted 1H-indole-2-carboxamides structurally related to compounds Org27569 (1), Org29647 (2) and Org27759 (3) were synthesized and evaluated for CB1 allosteric modulating activity in calcium mobilization assays. Structure-activity relationship studies showed that the modulation potency of this series at the CB1 receptor was enhanced by the presence of a diethylamino group at the 4-position of the phenyl ring, a chloro or fluoro group at the C5 position and short alkyl groups at the C3 position on the indole ring. The most potent compound (45) had an IC50 value of 79 nM which is similar to 2.5 and 10 fold more potent than the parent compounds 3 and 1, respectively. These compounds appeared to be negative allosteric modulators at the CB1 receptor and dose-dependently reduced the E-max of agonist CP55,940. These analogs may provide the basis for further optimization and use of CB1 allosteric modulators. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.