Several American Academy of Neurology (AAN) epilepsy practice guidelines recommend conversations that neurologists should have with patients and their parents. We sought to determine whether parents of pediatric patients with epilepsy had knowledge of epilepsy quality measures (EQMs) and whether they recalled having discussions with their child's neurologist about each of the EQM. Surveys were distributed to parents at five clinic sites associated with epilepsy centers in Washington, DC and Charlottesville, Virginia. Key questions on the parent survey included whether neurologists had discussed, or parents had knowledge of, EQM topics which included medication side effects, safety, reproductive health, transition to adult care, learning and attention problems, bone health, sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), and risk of epilepsy-related death. No data were collected from the neurologist or the medical record about EQM discussions. Among 233 completed surveys, parental knowledge and neurologist discussion of EQM were highly correlated (p < .00001). Epilepsy quality measures most discussed with high parental knowledge were medication side effects, safety, learning and attention problems, and bone health. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy was least discussed and known. We found consistent care practices in adherence to EQM across settings from urban to rural communities, with patients of all ages and epilepsy severities and staffed by neurologists with various levels of epilepsy expertise. Despite reported high rates of adherence on several measures, we identified opportunities for improvement. Querying and counseling about EQM should be an ongoing conversation which evolves with the child's age and epilepsy-associated risks.
Parental perspectives on provider adherence to AAN epilepsy quality measures in rural and urban tertiary care centers