• Article

Normalizing early intervention

Normalization as a principle underlying services for children with handicaps often is equated with mainstreaming. As originally construed, however, normalization is a much broader construct. This article describes three dimensions of normalization that extend beyond mainstreaming in the context of early intervention: (a) the physical environment, (b) teaching and therapeutic strategies, and (c) family-focused services. Examples of normalized practices within each dimension are described, and issues related to normalization are discussed.


Bailey, D., & McWilliam, RA. (1990). Normalizing early intervention. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 10(2), 33-47. https://doi.org/10.1177/027112149001000204