• Journal Article

N-substituted 4beta-methyl-5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-7alpha-amidomorphans are potent, selective kappa opioid receptor antagonists

Citation

Carroll, F., Melvin, M. S., Nuckols, M., Mascarella, S., Navarro, H., & Thomas, J. (2006). N-substituted 4beta-methyl-5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-7alpha-amidomorphans are potent, selective kappa opioid receptor antagonists. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 49(5), 1781-1791.

Abstract

In a previous study, we identified (-)-N-[(1R,4S,5S,7R)-5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-4-methyl-2-(3-phenylpropyl)-2-aza bicyclo[3.3.1]non-7-yl]-3-(1-piperidinyl)propanamide (5a, KAA-1) as the first potent and selective kappa opioid receptor antagonist from the 5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)morphan class of opioids. In this study we report an improved synthesis of this class of compounds. The new synthetic method was used to prepare analogues 5b-r where the morphan N-substituent and 7alpha-amido group were varied. Most of the analogues showed sub-nanomolar potency for the kappa opioid receptor and were highly selective relative to the mu and delta opioid receptors. (-)-3-(3,4-Dihydroisoquinolin-2(1H)-yl)-N-{(1R,4S,5S,7R)-5-(3-hydroxypheny l)-4-methyl-2-[2-(2-methylphenyl)ethyl]-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-7-yl}propan amide (5n, MTHQ) is at least as potent and selective as nor-BNI as a kappa opioid receptor antagonist in the [35S]GTP-gamma-S in vitro functional test