• Journal Article

The impact of a state-sponsored mass media campaign on use of telephone quitline and web-based cessation services

Citation

Duke, J., Mann, N., Davis, K., MacMonegle, A., Allen, J., & Porter, L. (2014). The impact of a state-sponsored mass media campaign on use of telephone quitline and web-based cessation services. Preventing Chronic Disease, 11, Article No. 140354. DOI: 10.5888/pcd11.140354

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Most US smokers do not use evidence-based interventions as part of their quit attempts. Quitlines and Web-based treatments may contribute to reductions in population-level tobacco use if successfully promoted. Currently, few states implement sustained media campaigns to promote services and increase adult smoking cessation. This study examines the effects of Florida's tobacco cessation media campaign and a nationally funded media campaign on telephone quitline and Web-based registrations for cessation services from November 2010 through September 2013. METHODS: We conducted multivariable analyses of weekly media-market-level target rating points (TRPs) and weekly registrations for cessation services through the Florida Quitline (1-877-U-CAN-NOW) or its Web-based cessation service, Web Coach (www.quitnow.net/florida). RESULTS: During 35 months, 141,221 tobacco users registered for cessation services through the Florida Quitline, and 53,513 registered through Web Coach. An increase in 100 weekly TRPs was associated with an increase of 7 weekly Florida Quitline registrants (beta = 6.8, P < .001) and 2 Web Coach registrants (beta = 1.7, P = .003) in an average media market. An increase in TRPs affected registrants from multiple demographic subgroups similarly. When state and national media campaigns aired simultaneously, approximately one-fifth of Florida's Quitline registrants came from the nationally advertised portal (1-800-QUIT-NOW). CONCLUSION: Sustained, state-sponsored media can increase the number of registrants to telephone quitlines and Web-based cessation services. Federally funded media campaigns can further increase the reach of state-sponsored cessation services