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Discovery of N-{4-[(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-3-methylpiperazin-1-yl]methyl-2-methylpropyl}-4-phenoxybenzamide Analogues as Selective Kappa Opioid Receptor Antagonists

There is continuing interest in the discovery and development of new kappa opioid receptor antagonists. We recently reported that N-substituted 3-methyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperazines were a new class of opioid receptor antagonists. In this study, we report the syntheses of two piperazine JDTic-like analogues. Evaluation of the two compounds in an in vitro [35S]GTPgammaS binding assay showed that neither compound showed the high potency and kappa opioid receptor selectivity of JDTic. A library of compounds using the core scaffold 21 was synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit [35S]GTPgammaS binding stimulated by the selective kappa opioid agonist U69,593. These studies led to N-[(1S)-1-{[(3S)-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methylpiperazin-1-yl]methyl}-2-methylpropy l]-4-phenoxybenzamide (11a), a compound that showed good kappa opioid receptor antagonist properties. An SAR study based on 11a provided 28 novel analogues. Evaluation of these 28 compounds in the [35S]GTPgammaS binding assay showed that several of the analogues were potent and selective kappa opioid receptor antagonists

Citation

Kormos, C., Jin, C., Cueva, J., Runyon, S., Thomas, J., Brieaddy, L., ... Carroll, F. (2013). Discovery of N-{4-[(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-3-methylpiperazin-1-yl]methyl-2-methylpropyl}-4-phenoxybenzamide Analogues as Selective Kappa Opioid Receptor Antagonists. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 56(11), 4551-4567. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm400275h

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