• Article

Axial length in applanation tonometry


Mark, H. H., Robbins, K. P., & Mark, T. (2002). Axial length in applanation tonometry. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, 28(3), 504-506. [PII S0886-3350(01)01091-4].


Purpose: To investigate the clinical applicability of a physical principle that suggests that a large globe offers less resistance to applanation than a smaller one.

Setting: Referral practice, Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA.

Methods: The correlation between axial length and applanation tonometry in 513 adult eyes, arbitrarily chosen from a referral practice, was examined using regression analysis.

Results: A statistically significant negative correlation was found; that is, for every 1.0 mm increase in axial length, the tonometry value was 0.29 units lower (P =.0002). In women, the mean axial length was 1.04 mm shorter and the mean intraocular pressure 0.54 mm Hg higher than in men.

Conclusions: Globe size influenced applanation tonometry readings. Hence, when the tonometry record does not fit the clinical findings, axial length measurement may help interpret its significance. (C) 2002 ASCRS and ESCRS.