• Article

Widowed parenting self-efficacy scale A new measure

The authors developed and tested a novel measure of parenting self-efficacy specifically for recently widowed parents of dependent-age children. They tested the scale among 244 recently widowed fathers via an open-access web survey. Exploratory factor analysis identified 3 factors: perception of meeting parenting expectations (α = .88), provision of effective discipline (α = .69), and sense of parental burden (α = .69). Scores on the new scale correlated positively with Kansas Parenting Satisfaction and Psychological Adaptation Scale scores, and negatively with CES-D (depression) and TRIG (grief) scale scores. The resulting 9-item Widowed Parenting Self Efficacy Scale is a promising measure for use in research and clinical settings.


Edwards, T. P., Yopp, J. M., Park, E. M., Deal, A., Biesecker, B. B., & Rosenstein, D. L. (2017). Widowed parenting self-efficacy scale: A new measure. Death Studies, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2017.1339743