Upregulation of acetylcholine synthesis by bone morphogenetic protein 9 in a murine septal cell line
López-Coviella, I., Berse, B., Thies, R. S., & Blusztajn, J. K. (2002). Upregulation of acetylcholine synthesis by bone morphogenetic protein 9 in a murine septal cell line. Journal de Physiologie, 96(1-2), 53-59.
Previous studies showed that bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP-9) induces the expression of choline acetyltransferase and the vesicular acetylcholine (ACh) transporter, and upregulates ACh synthesis in cultured primary neurons from embryonic mouse septum [I. López-Coviella, B. Berse, R. Krauss, R.S. Thies, J.K. Blusztajn, Induction and maintenance of the neuronal cholinergic phenotype in the central nervous system by BMP-9. Science 289 (2000) 313-316]. In the present studies we investigated the effects of BMP-9 on ACh synthesis in the cholinergic mouse SN56T17 septal cell line. BMP-9 increased ACh synthesis in these cells up to 2.5-fold in a time- and dose-dependent, saturable manner. The maximal effect of BMP-9 was observed after a 3-day treatment and the median effective concentration of BMP-9 was 0.5 ng/ml. These data show that SN56T17 cells are a useful model for studies of the effects of BMPs on the cholinergic phenotype.