• Journal Article

Trial of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in an area of Tanzania holoendemic for malaria. Part 2. Effects on the malaria vector population

Citation

Magesa, S., Wilkes, T. J., Mnzava, A. E., Njunwa, K. J., Myamba, J., Kivuyo, M. D., ... Curtis, C. F. (1991). Trial of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in an area of Tanzania holoendemic for malaria. Part 2. Effects on the malaria vector population. Acta Tropica, 49(2), 97-108. DOI: 10.1016/0001-706X(91)90057-Q

Abstract

The malaria vector population consisted mainly of Anopheles gambiae s.s. with a small contribution from An. funestus and An. rivulorum. The mosquitoes coming to bite in bedrooms were monitored with light traps set beside untreated bednets. When impregnated bednets were provided for all the other beds in a village the Anopheles populations declined but the Culex quinquefasciatus populations were unaffected. The survival of An. gambiae (as measured by the mean number of ovarian dilatations) and the sporozoite rate declined following introduction of the nets and the estimated sporozoite inoculation rates into people not under their nets declined by more than 90%. The net introductions caused sharp declines in the number of mosquitoes resting indoors, but the evidence was inconclusive regarding diversion to outdoor resting, animal biting, earlier biting or outdoor biting. DDT spraying greatly reduced the Anopheles populations