• Article

Taking local ownership Government and household contribution to indoor residual spraying in Zanzibar and mainland Tanzania

BACKGROUND: While donor funding is instrumental in initiation and implementation of malaria control efforts, national government contributions are key to local ownership and sustainability. This study explored in-kind contributions of local government and households towards the cost of indoor residual spraying (IRS) interventions in Tanzania. METHODS: Data were collected through interviews with local government officials and technical teams in the IRS project. Household contribution was based on provision of water for IRS. Government contributions included government-provided warehouse and office space, vehicles, and staff labour. In-kind contributions were aggregated at the district, regional and national level. Calculations were based on proportion of total costs of IRS from 2010 to 2012. RESULTS: The mainland government provided larger amounts of in-kind contribution in absolute value (mean of US$454 200) compared to Zanzibar (US$89 163). On average, in-kind contribution was 5.5% of total costs in Zanzibar and 2.9% in mainland. The proportion of government in-kind contribution was higher in Zanzibar versus the mainland (86% vs 50%) while household contribution was higher in mainland compared to Zanzibar (50% vs 14%). CONCLUSION: Government involvement, particularly through budgetary allocations and increased in-kind contribution, needs to be encouraged for malaria control efforts to be locally owned, managed and sustained


Alidina, Z., Colaco, R., Ali, A. S., Mcha, J. H., Mwalimu, C. D., Thawer, N. G., ... Ngondi, J. (2016). Taking local ownership: Government and household contribution to indoor residual spraying in Zanzibar and mainland Tanzania. International Health, 8(4), 299-306. https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihv066

DOI Links