• Journal Article

Synthesis, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor binding, and antinociceptive properties of 3'-(substituted phenyl)epibatidine analogues. Nicotinic partial agonists

Citation

Carroll, F., Ma, W., Deng, L., Navarro, H., Damaj, M. I., & Martin, B. R. (2010). Synthesis, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor binding, and antinociceptive properties of 3'-(substituted phenyl)epibatidine analogues. Nicotinic partial agonists. Journal of Natural Products, 73(3), 306-312. DOI: 10.1021/np9006124

Abstract

In 1992, John Daly et al. reported the isolation and structure determination of epibatidine. Epibatidine's unique structure and its potent nicotinic agonist activity have had a tremendous impact on nicotine receptor research. This research has led to a better understanding of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) pharmacophore and to epibatidine analogues with potential as pharmacotherapies for treating various CNS disorders. In this study, we report the synthesis, receptor binding ([(3)H]epibatidine and [(125)I]iodoMLA), and in vivo pharmacological properties (mouse tail flick, hot plate, hypothermia, and spontaneous activity) of a series of 3'-(substituted phenyl)epibatidine analogues (5a-m). Results from these studies have added to the understanding of the nAChR pharmacophore and led to nicotinic partial agonists that may have potential for smoking cessation. All the analogues had affinities for the alpha4beta2 nAChR similar to epibatidine (1). 3'-(3-Dimethylaminophenyl)epibatidine (5m) has a nicotinic partial agonist pharmacological profile similar to the smoking cessation drug varenicline. Other analogues are partial agonists with varying degrees of nicotinic functional agonist and antagonist activity. 3'-(3-Aminophenyl)epibatidine (5j) is a more potent functional agonist and antagonist in all tests than varenicline. 3'-(3-Fluorophenyl)epibatidine and 3'-(3-chlorophenyl)epibatidine (5c and 5e) are more potent than varenicline when tested as agonists in four pharmacological tests and antagonists when evaluated against nicotine in the analgesia hot-plate test