Synthesis of 2-(Substituted Phenyl)-3,5,5-trimethylmorpholine Analogues and Their Effects on Monoamine Uptake, Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Function, and Behavioral Effects of Nicotine
Toward development of smoking cessation aids superior to bupropion (2), we describe synthesis of 2-(substituted phenyl)-3,5,5-trimethylmorpholine analogues 5a-5h and their effects on inhibition of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin uptake, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) function, acute actions of nicotine, and nicotine-conditioned place preference (CPP). Several analogues encompassing aryl substitutions, N-alkylation, and alkyl extensions of the morpholine ring 3-methyl group provided analogues more potent in vitro than (S,S)-hydroxybupropion (4a) as inhibitors of dopamine or norepinephrine uptake and antagonists of nAChR function. All of the new (S,S)-5 analogues had better potency than (S,S)-4a as blockers of acute nicotine analgesia in the tail-flick test. Two analogues with highest potency at alpha 3 beta 4*-nAChR. and among the most potent transporter inhibitors have better potency than (S,S)-4a in blocking nicotine-CPP. Collectively, these findings illuminate mechanisms of action of 2 analogues and identify deshydroxybupropion analogues 5a-5h as possibly superior candidates as aids to smoking cessation
Carroll, F., Muresan, A. Z., Blough, B., Navarro, H., Mascarella, S., Eaton, J. B., ... Lukas, R. J. (2011). Synthesis of 2-(Substituted Phenyl)-3,5,5-trimethylmorpholine Analogues and Their Effects on Monoamine Uptake, Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Function, and Behavioral Effects of Nicotine. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 54(5), 1441-1448.