Signal transduction in vascular plants
We review current evidence for the presence and activity in plants of several paradigmatic components of transmembrane signal transduction systems. Components considered include the second messengers calcium, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and cyclic AMP; protein kinases and protein phosphatases; and G-proteins. At the current stage of development of the field of plant signal transduction, broad similarities between plant and the more well-studied animal systems are apparent. However, there also exist considerable differences in detail.